There are only two species of elephants left in the world – the African elephant and the Asian elephant. They differ in color, from light gray to dark gray, having the most distinctive features in their huge ears and tusks. These tusks have resulted in the deaths of thousands of elephants, because they are made of ivory. Although it is now illegal to trade or sell ivory, it is still a fairly profitable business on the black market.

Elephants are some of the largest creatures in the world, they are also known for being extremely intelligent, the saying that someone has the memory of an elephant means they can remember anything and should be taken as a compliment. Most of these animals are docile, they only attack if they feel threatened themselves or their children are in danger.

1. They live in a matriarchal society, in which young males are expelled from the group at the age of 12, while the more adult female leads the group and protects the offspring from enemies. The tube plays an important role in this process as it serves to lift them, push them and help them walk.

2. The gestation period of the elephant is 22 months, the longest of all terrestrial animals, and at birth they weigh around 115 kg.

3. They are not able to sweat so they usually bathe in mud to cool off, or they fan their own ears on hot days.

4. When they are adults they sleep standing. Only when they are small rest lying on the ground.

5. Elephants spend 16 hours a day eating. They can consume more than 220 kilos of food a day. They are animals that collect their food with the tubes, feeding on herbs and the bark of some trees while during the rainy season they take advantage of food that grows on the ground.

6. It is the only 4-legged animal that cannot jump.

7. An African adult male can reach a weight of 6 to 7 tons. We’ve already told you…It’s the largest of all the terrestrial animals that inhabit the world today!

8. Produce various sounds within a varied range to express different emotions. The best known is the barrito, which is the one they do when they’re scared. They also use infrasonids that allow them to communicate with other elephants several miles away. These sounds (from frequencies up to only five hertz) are transmitted, in addition to air, through the ground. Elephants can detect by legs before reaching their ears because the speed of sound propagation is higher on the ground.

9. The lines that cross the ears of elephants are the same as for humans fingerprints, each one is unique and unrepeatable. In addition, the huge ears of the African elephant are three times larger than those of the Asian elephant and are used for signalling and regulating its body temperature.

10. In human terms the elephant’s trunk represents the nose, with the upper lip and nostrils through it along, but they use it for much more than to breathe. Elephants use their trunks to scratch their eyes and ears, defend themselves, pick up food, water and throw objects away. The tube is an exploratory organ, much of the elephant’s experience comes from its trunk.